Как най-лесно да изхвърлим непотребни вещи, стари спомени и лоши качества? Напътствията на психотерапевта Захарина Савова


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Гостува психотерапевтът проф. Захарина Савова,
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Zaharina Savova on Life, Love & Happiness

Team building


A successful organization is the one being capable of using the individuals’ energy, integrating their needs and goals with its own. A team has some particular characteristics in the process of formation and performance which should be observed in order to guarantee quality, effectiveness, high productivity and financial stability. Psychological counselling offers expansion of knowledge and experience in human resources managing; building management style; mastering psychological management approaches and tactics; developing skills for managing and solving conflicts; evaluating personal and team potential.


These forms of training appeared as a response to the needs of the human resources market – team working. This is a group dynamic training for creating a sense of belonging, stimulating cooperation within the team, improving communication between individual members of an organization (firm, company). So that, based on this, expansion of the team and the personal potential, increase of individual motivation, effectiveness and quality of teamwork be achieved. The team activity is directed at positive experiences and enhancing self-confidence and confidence in partners, trust is built up. Using various role-playing games, training techniques, and creative group assignments, an opportunity is given for team members to become more efficient, more dynamic, more energetic, more flexible, and respected, to advance more quickly in career. By learning through experience, self-expansion, self-knowledge and development are achieved, as well as understanding of the other and establishing connection. Skills and coping strategies for managing stress in professional life are mastered.


The goals and the topics of the psychotherapy groups may vary depending on the participants’ interests and needs.

All psychotherapy groups have common rules like: keeping confidentiality, not allowing judgment or false morals. In this way, each participant can allow themselves to enter without discomfort, and relax in the experiences, and the sharing.

Feedback is very valuable in groups, as well as the development of a skill for correspondence and transparency /i.e. to express verbally what we feel without feeling discomfortable. Objectivity without bias or influence by other factors is necessary/. Feedback is an effective way of expressing one’s own experience and feelings, which enhances through encouragement or change, and corrects through criticism the behavior of the individual. The open discussion expresses understanding and attitude. Its purpose is to have a positive effect on the individual’s behavior, to stimulate even greater constructive activity and motivation in the person, and thus lead towards a positive outcome for a situation. From a psychological point of view, feedback means that this person is important and significant to you.

The experiences with other participants are unforgettable and valuable. They work on the ability to realize, admit and express different emotions, feelings and needs. The group is a safe environment in which one can try out new behaviors, experiment with things and situations, which in real life are scary and avoided. The individual meets his or hers own limitations and deeply hidden traumas, which are overcome with love and support. The group allows for checking one’s own reality with that of others for the sake of growth and development of the personal capacity in a favorable social-psychological climate.


The individual psychotherapy aims at a positive change towards increasing the quality of life to achieve satisfaction and happiness; it can also be a therapeutic choice in treating some illnesses. In this context, it is a part of the high health awareness and psycho-hygiene of an individual.

Very often we ask ourselves questions, such as:

What stops me from feeling relaxed and full of joy?
   » Why do I fail? What is I am doing wrong?
   » What makes me worried, tense or depressed without any apparent reason?
   » Why can’t I find a partner nor have a happy relationship?
   » Why do I have a constant feeling of guilt and why is it so hard for me to refuse, to say NO! I don’t want to! I don’t like it! I do not agree!…
   » What do I want from my life, where am I going to…?
   » Why do I overeat, drink, need medicines, in order to be able to endure?

And many other questions and events that make us think about how we live, what do we do with ourselves, what stops us from changing. When friends, books, holidays, etc. can’t help us, it is good to seek help from a professional (and even before that). Without shame, without guilt, without thinking that this is luxury and in some way makes us unable to cope with the situation by ourselves.

My practice in individual psychotherapy is directed towards:

Individual psychotherapy for personal growth and self-knowledge. The goal is to become aware of deficiencies in behavior and way of thinking, and make a consequent change in order for an individual to improve their adaptability, enhance their capabilities, their personal qualities and social competence.

This type of psychotherapy helps people with difficulties in communication and in creating stable relationships; problems with a partner, and with family members.

For people with difficulties in choosing a profession, professional carrier and development.

The way of life of modern people is dynamic, stressed, difficult, demanding. This exhausts, tires and influences our emotional condition, pushes us towards dangerous addictions. Psychotherapy /sometimes combined also with medication treatment/ is a good therapeutic choice in case of:

   »  Anxiety disorders; panic disorder, obsessive and compulsive disorder, phobias;
   »  Depressive disorders.
   »  Addictions – alcohol, drugs, anorexia, bulimia, obesity, gambling, internet addiction, compulsive shopping.

Psychotherapy should not only be seen as a means to achieve emotional comfort, spiritual and mental health. It is a part of a complex treatment of all psychosomatic and somatic /physical/ disorders. Very often the reason for us to be ill lies in our way of life, experienced traumas, intensive stress or unconscious psychic mechanisms. Then, along with ‘the sick organ’, it is the human personality/soul that also suffers. In many cases, the effectiveness of a medical treatment is influenced by the psychological condition of the person.

There is a need for supportive psychotherapy also in cases of hard times, traumatizing events and experiences in our lives /like severe illness of a family member, death of a loved one, violence experiences…/.


   » Confidentiality and empathy are mandatory in psychotherapy! Innermost and intimate experiences are shared during the sessions.
   » Psychotherapy has no healing effect and is inapplicable in case of a lack of verbal contact, altered states, overwhelming psychotic production (e.g. heavy intellectual deficit, dementias, chronic psychosis).
   » Psychotherapy is only effective and meaningful when a person is truly motivated. When he/she believes and does not quit when faced with hardships and challenges during the therapeutic process.

The therapy duration and frequency are determined strictly individually. A session is done within 45-60 minutes approximately.


  A natural need and goal of every human being is to be happy. But how many of us feel that way during most of our lives?! Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy are one of the ways to help ourselves in achieving a harmonious, healthy and dignifying life. This is an intentional process of work on the part of the patient and the therapist. The goal is self-knowledge, self-development, self-perfection and successful social functioning. Through the methods of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy emotional, behavioral and existential problems find their solution.

 In general, the meaning of psychotherapy work is to achieve satisfaction and happiness, without going against our true nature and potential.

 There are different trends and psychotherapy schools; many varieties and variations of psychotherapy methods and approaches. This allows the therapist and the patient to choose the most appropriate one, taking into consideration patient’s individuality and needs, aiming at the best healing effect. It is not right to think that there is a single right or best, most effective method or technique.

 One of the trends in psychotherapy is the neo-Reichian analytical body-oriented psychotherapy. This method contains physiological and psychological aspects. We cannot speak of physical health separately from the psychological health of an individual. The manifestation of disease symptoms (physical, psychic, emotional, behavioral) is considered an expression of continuous interaction and influence of the physical over the mental planes, and vice versa. The therapy is oriented towards the person’s understanding and acceptance of unrealized /unconscious/ psychological mechanisms of behavior, thinking, feeling. Understanding and accepting the real needs and mastering skills for their satisfaction. Creating love, care and responsibility for personal health and as a way of life.

 In recent years, group forms of training – team buildings - are used for business purposes. This is a group dynamic training, which aims at creating a favorable social and psychological climate, increasing the motivation and communication skills of the members of an organization or a team. Skills for working in a team, managing conflicts, overcoming burnout /professional exhaustion/ are mastered.

 My professional training as a clinical psychologist and psychotherapist has given me skills in psychological consultation and psychological diagnosis; individual, family and group psychotherapy; company consulting and conducting teambuilding trainings, as well as supervision.

 Psychotherapy is a response to the requirements of a person and the society, to the new scientific achievements, to the dynamics and the changing way of life, to new necessities and needs. The need for, the point and the meaning of psychotherapy are being proven over time, most of all by the results achieved.

Professional activities

Author of over 100 scientific publications in Bulgarian and foreign publish houses. Participated in over 80 national and international events.

My scientific research, applied work and practice include the following:

1. Social medicine – health prevention.
2. Gerontology and geriatry.
3. Pedagogical and psychological issues in the field of healthcare.
4. School teaching.
5. Psychotherapy.

1. Social medicine – health prevention.

My main work in this field is my habilitation thesis on the topic: „Social-medical problems and approaches to prevention of anorexia and bulimia”.

Scientific Contributions
1. For the first time in Bulgaria a comprehensive social-medical study of psychogenic food disorders has been conducted and an assessment has been made of the probability of occurrence and the condition of anorexia and bulimia under the influence of various predisposing, triggering and maintaining factors.
2. A profound analysis and evaluation has been made of data from the specialized publications on the efficiency of the main psychotherapy approaches to the treatment of psychogenic food disorders.
3. For the first time in Bulgaria a new methodology has been applied for systematic monitoring and psychotherapy of anorexia and bulimia patients according to the Neo-Reichian therapeutic school, and a detailed analysis has been made of the achieved treatment results.

Scientific and applied work
4. A model of anorexia and bulimia risk factors has been developed; it can be applied in the development of specific programs for adolescents, young people and other risk groups of the population.
5. A new complex methodology and set of tools for diagnostics, monitoring and psychotherapy of anorexia and bulimia have been introduced and have demonstrated high efficiency. This allows for introducing the above methodology in hospital and out-of-hospital healthcare.
6. A manual has been developed containing general rules and criteria for good practice in anorexia and bulimia prevention; the manual may be used as a recommended standard in development of specific guidelines for the participants in preventive activities.
7. Practice-oriented models have been presented for raising and upbringing of young children and adolescents in order to achieve correct development and mental health; the models comply with the National Mental Health Program of Bulgaria for the period 2004-2012.

Prevention and rehabilitation of malignant diseases.
Consultant and participant in the first in Bulgaria comprehensive specialized program for prevention and rehabilitation after breast cancer (started in 2003).
The objective of the above program is two-fold:
– The prevention (awareness raising and education) activity is targeted to risk groups and breast-cancer patients and their families;
– Improvement of the overall survival rate and increasing the quality of life of mammary gland carcinoma patients by means of involving them in a program for mental, emotional and physical health recovery.
The studies and the analysis of the results under the program have been published and reported at scientific forums in Bulgaria, France, Switzerland and Montenegro.

2. Gerontology and geriatry

The publications consider major medical-psychological and social-medical issues and healthy lifestyle for the third-age group.

3. Pedagogical and psychological issues in healthcare

The scientific work and applied practical activity is aimed at analysis and implementation of the psychological ideas and practice in the medical and health protection field.
My publications present:
– psychological methods, behavioral techniques and skills applicable in healthcare practice in order to improve healthcare quality;
– research in the field of communication, motivation, job satisfaction, burn out – oriented to the activities of the healthcare managers and medical practitioners: physicians, nurses, obstetricians, medical laboratory operators.

4. My teaching activity covers the following areas:

1 .Professor at the Medical University of Sofia – Faculty of Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical College “J.Filaretova”.
Training students in Bachelor and Master’s degree curricula in: public health and health management, healthcare management; dental medicine; healthcare; medical cosmetics.
Subjects taught: general psychology, medical psychology; applied psychology; management psychology; medical pedagogy, health education and upbringing methodology; current issues of ageing and old age.

2. Lecturer and supervisor in Bulgarian Institute of Body Psychotherapy. Subjects taught: Introduction to Psycho-body therapies and Neo-Reichian analytical psychotherapy, Evolutive psychology, Clinical psychology and Psychopathology, Psychosomatic